How To Make A Fighting Game On Scratch

Fighting Game


Welcome to the world of game development! If you’ve ever dreamt of creating your own interactive, action-packed gaming experience, you’re in the right place. In this guide, we’ll embark on an exciting journey to craft a fighting game using Scratch, a beginner-friendly platform that empowers users to bring their game ideas to life through coding and creativity.

Fighting games have been a staple in the gaming industry for decades, captivating players with intense battles, diverse characters, and strategic combat mechanics. From classics like Street Fighter to modern titles like Super Smash Bros., the genre offers endless possibilities for innovation and excitement.

Planning Your Game

Before diving into coding, it’s essential to plan your game. Start by defining the basic elements of your fighting game, such as the setting, characters, and gameplay mechanics. Consider the theme or storyline of your game and how it will influence the design and features. Sketch out ideas for characters, special moves, and stages to give yourself a clear vision of what you want to create.

Designing Characters and Assets

Once you have a plan in place, it’s time to design your characters and other visual assets. Use the Scratch editor’s built-in drawing tools to create sprites for your fighters, including their idle, walking, and attacking animations. Pay attention to details like character proportions, colors, and facial expressions to make your characters visually appealing. Additionally, create backgrounds and other elements to enhance the game’s atmosphere and immersion.

Coding the Player Characters

With your assets ready, it’s time to start coding the player characters. Begin by programming the basic movement controls, such as walking, jumping, and crouching. Use Scratch’s event-driven programming model to detect player input and update the character’s position and animation accordingly. Next, implement attacks and special moves using a combination of key presses and animation sequences. Experiment with different timing and effects to make the combat feel dynamic and engaging.

Implementing Combat Mechanics

Fighting games rely on a variety of combat mechanics to keep players engaged. Implement features like health bars, hit detection, and damage calculation to create a balanced and competitive experience. Use Scratch’s variables and conditional statements to track the health of each character and determine the outcome of collisions and attacks. Consider adding combo systems, blocking mechanics, and other advanced features to add depth to the gameplay.

Fighting Game

Creating Enemy AI

If your fighting game includes single-player modes, you’ll need to create AI-controlled opponents for the player to fight against. Designing effective AI requires balancing between challenging gameplay and fairness. Use Scratch’s scripting capabilities to program enemy behavior, such as attacking, blocking, and dodging. Experiment with different strategies and difficulty levels to create engaging encounters that test the player’s skills.

Testing and Iteration

As you progress through the development process, regularly test your game to identify bugs, balance issues, and areas for improvement. Solicit feedback from friends, family, or the Scratch community to gather different perspectives and insights. Iterate on your design based on feedback, making adjustments to gameplay mechanics, visuals, and performance as needed. Remember that game development is an iterative process, and refinement is key to creating a polished final product.

Polishing and Publishing

Once you’re satisfied with your game, take some time to polish it before sharing it with others. Fine-tune animations, optimize performance, and add sound effects and music to enhance the overall experience. Consider creating a title screen, menu system, and other user interface elements to give your game a professional touch. Finally, publish your game on the Scratch website to share it with the world and receive feedback from a wider audience.

Understanding the Elements of a Fighting Game

Before diving into the development process, let’s dissect the key components that define a compelling fighting game:

Character Design and Animation

Discuss the importance of character design in establishing personality and gameplay mechanics. Explore techniques for creating fluid animations that convey movement and combat actions effectively. Provide tips for designing diverse characters with distinct fighting styles and abilities to enhance player choice and replay value.

Environment and Stage Design

Highlight the significance of stage design in shaping gameplay dynamics and strategic opportunities. Showcase methods for creating immersive environments that complement the game’s theme and characters. Introduce interactive elements and stage hazards to add depth and complexity to battles.

Combat Mechanics and Special Moves

Examine the core mechanics of fighting games, including basic attacks, blocking, and combos. Detail the process of implementing special moves and super attacks that add flair and excitement to battles. Discuss strategies for balancing move sets to ensure a fair and engaging experience for players of all skill levels.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) Programming

Explore techniques for designing AI opponents with varying levels of difficulty and behavior patterns. Provide insights into AI decision-making processes, such as attack prioritization and defensive strategies. Offer advanced AI scripting tips, including adaptive learning algorithms and reactive behavior patterns.

Developing Your Fighting Game in Scratch

With a solid understanding of the fundamental elements, let’s dive into the step-by-step process of developing your fighting game on Scratch:

Project Setup and Organization

Outline best practices for organizing your Scratch project, including sprite management, stage layout, and code organization. Discuss strategies for optimizing performance and minimizing lag in complex projects.

Character Movement and Controls

Walk through the implementation of player movement mechanics, including walking, jumping, and dashing. Explain how to handle user input for character controls and responsive gameplay.

Combat System Implementation

Guide developers through the creation of hit detection systems for melee attacks and projectiles. Demonstrate techniques for managing health bars, damage calculation, and knockback effects during combat encounters.

Special Moves and Combos

Introduce methods for implementing special moves and combo systems that reward skilled play and strategic thinking. Provide examples of combo chains and input sequences for executing powerful attacks.

AI Development and Enemy Behavior

Offer a comprehensive overview of AI scripting techniques, including state machines and decision trees. Walk through the process of creating AI-controlled opponents with varying levels of intelligence and aggression.

Testing, Debugging, and Iteration

Throughout the development process, emphasize the importance of thorough testing, debugging, and iteration:

Testing Strategies

Discuss the significance of playtesting to identify bugs, balance issues, and gameplay concerns. Offer tips for gathering feedback from testers and incorporating their suggestions into the game.

Debugging Techniques

Provide troubleshooting tips for common programming errors, such as logic bugs, sprite misalignments, and collision detection issues. Introduce Scratch debugging tools and techniques for isolating and fixing problems efficiently.

Iterative Development

Emphasize the iterative nature of game development, encouraging developers to continuously refine and improve their projects based on feedback and playtesting results. Discuss strategies for prioritizing and implementing iterative changes while maintaining project scope and deadlines.

Polishing and Publishing Your Game

As you near the completion of your fighting game, focus on polishing and preparing it for release:

Visual and Audio Enhancements

Explore methods for enhancing the visual appeal of your game through sprite animations, particle effects, and background art. Discuss the importance of audio design in creating atmosphere and immersion, including sound effects and background music selection.

User Interface and Menus

Walk through the creation of user interface elements, such as title screens, character selection menus, and pause screens. Provide guidance on designing intuitive and visually appealing menus that enhance the player experience.

Publishing and Sharing

Outline the steps for publishing your game on the Scratch platform, including project sharing, tagging, and community engagement. Discuss strategies for promoting your game to attract players and gather feedback from the Scratch community.

Advanced Gameplay Mechanics and Design Considerations

Dynamic Combat Systems

Explore advanced combat mechanics such as canceling, hit stun, and frame data management to create a deep and responsive combat system. Discuss the implementation of advanced techniques like parries, counters, and air juggles to reward skilled play and strategic decision-making.

Character Balance and Diversity

Delve into the intricacies of character balancing, including the consideration of character archetypes, move properties, and matchup dynamics. Discuss strategies for designing diverse and balanced rosters of characters with unique strengths, weaknesses, and playstyles.

Stage Design and Environmental Interactions

Expand upon stage design concepts by incorporating interactive elements, dynamic hazards, and stage-specific mechanics to add depth and unpredictability to battles. Showcase techniques for designing visually striking and thematically cohesive stages that enhance immersion and strategic gameplay.

Fighting Game

Advanced Programming Techniques and Optimization Strategies

Performance Optimization

Provide in-depth guidance on optimizing the performance of your Scratch project through efficient code structuring, sprite management, and resource allocation. Discuss techniques for reducing lag and improving frame rate through code optimization and asset management strategies.

Code Refactoring and Modular Design

Explore the principles of code refactoring and modular design to improve code readability, maintainability, and scalability. Demonstrate techniques for breaking down complex systems into smaller, reusable components for easier debugging and iteration.

Advanced AI Development

Dive deeper into AI programming techniques, including machine learning algorithms, neural networks, and genetic algorithms, to create more adaptive and intelligent opponents. Showcase examples of AI behavior modeling and decision-making processes, such as risk assessment, predictive analysis, and adaptive learning.


Creating a fighting game on Scratch can be a rewarding and educational experience. Throughout this journey, we’ve learned the importance of planning and organization, mastering fundamental programming concepts such as variables, conditions, and loops, as well as utilizing Scratch’s diverse features, from sprites and costumes to sound effects and user interfaces.

By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can bring your creative vision to life, whether it’s a classic one-on-one brawl or an epic multiplayer showdown. Remember to stay patient and persistent, as game development often involves trial and error. Embrace feedback from others and continually iterate on your game to make it the best it can be.